Mostly dogs put anything into its mouth. Dog owners have to be aware of poisonous plants for dogs, since there are some garden plants that can be toxic to the pets. Severe cases of toxic can lead to coma and even death. Toxic plants can poison dogs if they eat or chew the parts of plant, bulb, flower or leaves. If you are unsure about what plants are poisonous to dogs, then start to read this post. In this article, we have listed some of the most poisonous plants that are toxic to dogs.
List Of Plants That Are Poisonous To Dogs
1. Aloe Vera
Scientific name : Aloe Vera, Aloe barbadensis
Though Aloe Vera is a great medicine for burns, it is highly poisonous to dogs if ingested. Aloe Latex or Aloe Juice is a bitter liquid that includes Aloin acts as an influential laxative. Toxins in the aloe Vera are saponins, chrysophanic, Anthraquinone glycosides. Aloe ingestion generally won’t cause any life threatening issues to pets. It is recommended to prevent the access of pregnant dogs to the areas including Aloe Vera plants, since aloin can cause uterine contraction. If your pet has ingested the plant, then prevent the further ingestion and consult the veterinarian. If the ingestion cause diarrhea, make sure the pet to have enough fluids to prevent dehydration. You can use the Sucralfate to treat the gastrointestinal irritation. Typically, 1 g of Sucralfate for every six to eight hours is recommended for the dogs weighing more than 60 lbs. For dogs less than 60lbs, it is recommended to give 0.5 g of Sucralfate for every six to eight hours.
Signs Of Aloe Vera Poisoning
- Change in urine color
- Accelerated defecation
- Contact dermatitis to mouth, nose, throat and face
Scientific Name: Digitalis Purpurea
Foxglove, while attracts everyone with its beautiful trumpet like blossoms, is one among the plants poisonous to dogs. This plant is poisonous to cats and even humans. Foxglove includes naturally occurring poisons that can affect heart, particularly bufadienolides or cardenolides. These naturally occurring poisonous are called as cardiac glycoside toxins. Traditionally foxglove is used as heart medicine that heals if used in correct doses but kills if given in larger amounts. The upper leaves of the foxgloves stem are more poisonous than the lower leaves. 2 grams of fresh foxglove leaf or .5 g of dried leaf is sufficient to kill a human. Other common names of the foxglove plants are dead men’s bells, purple foxglove, lady’s-glove, lady’s-thimble, lion’s-mouth, cottagers, bloody fingers, thimbles, virgin’s glove, rabbit’s-flower and more. If you have foxgloves in your garden, ensure that the plants are enclosed by dog-proof barrier.
Signs Of Foxglove Poisoning
- Irregular & fats heart beat
- Cardiac arrest
- Dilated pupils
Scientific Name: Amaryllis paradisicola, Amaryllis belladonna L
Amaryllis is a pretty common garden ornamental in many homes, but it is one among the poisonous plants for dogs and cats. The bulb of the plant includes the most toxins. Its level of toxicity ranges from mild to moderate. Ingestion of large amount of Amaryllis plant can cause collapse in central nerves system, paralysis and even death. The stems, leaves, and bulbs includes phenanthridine alkaloids that can cause hypotension, vomiting and respiratory depression. Mostly the poisoning of amaryllis resolves within two days, if the diarrhea makes your dog to become dehydrated, it is best to get a professional advice from the veterinarian. Toxins in this plant are tazzetine, haemanthamine, lycorine, amaryllidine, hydroxyvittatine, pancracine, hippeastrine, vittatine and others. The other names of the amaryllis are Belladonna Amaryllis, Narcissus and Liliacea. Make sure your dog get more fluids to prevent dehydration due to diarrhea. If your dog ingest flower you should take him to veterinarian as early as possible.
Sign Of Amaryllis Poisoning
- Respiratory Depression
- Abdominal pain
Scientific name: Begonia spp
The next one in the list of plants poisonous to dogs is none other than Begonia. It is a famous container and garden plant that you can find in many gardens. The tubers of this plant are part that is more poisonous. The toxic compound named oxalates in the tubers can irritate the stomach and mouth of your pet if ingested. Cucurbitacin B and Calcium Oxalate Crystals are the toxins present in this plant. Begonia belongs to the family Begoniaceae. Begonia is the 6th largest flowering plant type and holds over 1500 species & some 10000 plus hybrids. Symptoms due to ingestion of this plant can occur immediately or up to two hours after ingestion. If you have the plant in your garden, fence around the regions in order to prevent your dog safe from this toxic plant. If you have indoor plants, keep them where your puppies don’t have access.
Sign Of Begonia Poisoning
- Intense Burning & Irritation Of Mouth
- Oral irritation
- Excessive drooling
- Tongue and lips
- Difficulty swallowing
- Choking & Swelling of the throat
- Intense burning sensation in lips, throat, mouth and tongue
5. Castor Bean
Scientific name: Ricinus communis
Though, not in everyone’s bouquet or garden, Castor Bean is a famous landscaping plant you can find in many parks and public places. This plant is related to the type of poisonous plant for dogs. The level of toxicity of this plant ranges from moderate to life threatening. This plant includes a toxic glycoprotein named ricin and ricicine. Ricicine is an alkaloid that is present in both the leaves and seeds. Ricin is a toxic glycoprotein that blocks the protein synthesis. Even a small amount of ingestion can cause the severe problems like death. The other names of castor beans are African Wonder tree, Euphorbiaceae, Mole Bean Plant and Ricinus. The plant contains toxic in its all parts, but the seeds are the most dangerous part. In addition to dogs, the other susceptible animal species are horses, cattle, fowl, pigs and rabbits.
Sign Of Castor Bean Poisoning
- Abdominal pain
- Excessive thirst
- Loss of appetite
- Muscle twitching
6. Elephant Ears
Scientific name: Colocasia esculenta
Elephant’s Ear includes the toxin called calcium oxalate. Chewing of this plant releases crystals that penetrate tissues ensuing in injury. Elephant Ear can also be known as caladium, Pai, Taro, Via sori, Ape, Cape and Via. The toxin in the elephant ear is similar to the one that is present in the dieffenbachia.
Sign Of Elephant Ears Poisoning
- Oral Pain
- Lack of appetite
- Pawing at mouth
Scientific name: Vitis vinifera
If you are looking for what plants are poisonous to dogs, then you should be aware about the toxicity of grapes. Even a small amount of grapes can cause diarrhea and vomiting while larger serving can cause kidney failure. However, not all dogs after consumption of grapes affected with kidney failure. Still the researchers are not sure to state what exactly sources these reactions, whether a fungal toxin or pesticides. When planning to keep the grapes in your pantry, make sure to keep away from your dog. Dogs of any gender, age or breed may be affected. Other names of the grapes are currants, sultanas, raisins and Vitis. If you find that your pet consumed grapes, you’ll required to induce vomiting immediately before the poisonous can be absorbed. You can use hydrogen peroxide solution to induce vomiting. Limit 1 teaspoon of solution per 5 pounds of dog weight and ensure not more than 3 teaspoons at once.
Sign Of Grapes Poisoning
- Unusual quietness
- Loss of appetite
- Abdominal Pain
- Kidney Failure
Scientific Name: Aconitum spp
Monkshood is a wonderful flowering plant and it is commonly referred as wolfsbane & friar’s cap plant. The species of monkshood includes diterpene alkaloids and aconitine that affects the muscles and nerves cells, hence it is considered as one of the poisonous plants for dogs. All parts of the plants contains toxins particularly roots and leaves.
Sign Of Monkshood Poisoning
- Heart arrhythmias
Scientific name: Cyclamen
Cyclamen is a popular garden flowering plant and they are poisonous to dogs and other pets. The highest toxic component of the plant is found in the root. The level of toxicity in the cyclamen ranges from the mild to moderate. The cyclamen is also referred as the sowbread and Persian violet. The saponins is the toxic component present in the cyclamen. With the large amount of ingestion, these plants cause cardiac problems and even death.
Sign Of Cyclamen Poisoning
- Abnormal heart rate & rhythm
Scientific name: Lilium
Lilies are so lovely and so fragrant plants. Some of the lilies plant species are poisonous plants for dogs. Peace lily is a plant that is more toxic to dogs. The peace lily or Mauna Loa plant includes the toxin calcium oxalate. Chewing of this plant releases crystals that penetrate tissues ensuing in injury. The other most unsafe fatal lilies are day, tiger, Easter lilies, Asiatic Japanese show. All reigns of these plants are toxic – stems, leaves, pollen and flower. The level of toxicity of the lilies ranges from mild to moderate.
Sign Of Lilies Poisoning
- Oral pain
- Pawing at the mouth